Motivation can be defined as an encouraging factor that increases the willingness of a person or employees to achieve the goals. When managers need to get more work within a specific time, then motivation is the key to encourage people for more work. Similarly, employees tend to work more when they know that they will be given additional benefits for the additional works. Motivation in the workplace is the key to bring organizational success.
Concept of Motivation in the Workplace
In the workplace, the importance of motivation is huge because when the employees are motivated by the leaders by the means of getting proper appreciation or financial rewards that increase the productivity of the employees as well as increase desire or willingness towards the work accomplished. So, Motivation is a psychological phenomenon that progresses a person to work more effectively and reach the desired goal. (Clarke, 2006)
According to Maslow Hierarchy Needs Theory, people have the desire to increase their needs in life and those needs of human beings are prioritized based on their importance. Maslow has divided those into five stages and they are physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and finally self-actualization needs.
According to Vroom’s Expectation Theory, people have high expectations in their life whereas individual factors like skills or performance criteria will set the expectation.
Effects of Motivation in the Workplace
When employees are motivated for the work done, then they become interested to do more work efficiently as they know that there have positive feedback, appreciation, or rewards from the managers for the work done. In that case, the productivity of the employees will be increased. (Nasibov, 2015)
Reduce Employee Turnover
When the employees get rewards or good comments like congratulation for the work done, then they think that organization is giving value for their effective efforts to task. In that case, the rate of employee turnover will be decreased as they have the desire to get a benefit for their additional efforts or form successful works done.
Increase Employee Satisfaction
It is very true that motivation will increase employee satisfaction because when employees get financial benefits, or rewards or other appreciation, then the satisfaction level of them is increased.
Improve job performance and job satisfaction
Motivated people get the inspiration to perform and finish the task at a higher standard. When they work at a higher standard, they must improve job performance. On the other hand, the staff could be motivated by financial incentives or non-financial incentives. So, they are motivated with proper pay from the organization then feel their job satisfaction and become committed to the organization for providing effective and efficient work service. (Ofelia Robescu, 2016)
Thomas cook motivates their employees by rewarding them. Sometimes they motivate people by financial incentive or sometimes they offer a share to the employees as a part of their efficient performance. In that case, when the employees of Thomas cook are motivated, the productivity of those employees will be increased because they get the desire or willingness to work more and they know that they will be given rewards for them. So, it is the real scenario of motivation why people tend to work more.
Clarke, R., 2006. Motivating individuals, teams, and organizations.. 3rd ed. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Nasibov, A., 2015. Impact of Employee Motivation on Performance (Productivity). Journal of Human Resource Management, 4(1), pp. 15-21.
Ofelia Robescu, A.-G. I., 2016. The Effects of Motivation on Employees Performance in Organizations. Journal of Economic Studies, 16(3), pp. 46-63.
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