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Personal and Professional Development

Sources of information on professional development trends and their validity:

Personal and Professional Development

There are actually different types of sources of important information upon professional advancement. Every source is distinct from one another in several facts. The sources of information on professional development trends and their validity are important to judge and compare for many reasons. Various sources of facts regarding pro improvement can be explained by some factors. To compare the sources of information on professional development trends and their validity firstly we should focus on professional trainers. Basically professional trainers are well skilled and acknowledged about the training factors and how to provide them among people. They will supply a sophisticated training technique for developing staff expertise, skills, and knowledge. They …

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Management Theories Applied by Marks and Spencer

Leadership and Management Theories Applied by Marks and Spencer Ltd.

There are many leadership and management theories applied by Marks and Spencer Ltd. in their business operations. The management and leadership theories which are used by the organization are given below:

Contemporary Theory of Management

Marks and Spencer Ltd. use contemporary management theory to deal with higher production costs in the current situation. Managers of the organization try to reduce the cost of raw material by negotiating with suppliers (Giuliani and Kurson, 2007). The leaders motivate the employees to cope up with new suppliers and maintain their performance outcomes.

Management by Objective (MBO)

Organizational objectives are achieved by employees and managers of Marks and spencer with their combined effort. Here …

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Difference Between Leader and Manager

Difference Between Roles and Characteristics of Leader and Manager

In business world managers and leaders are considered the same but in practice, their functions are different from each other. Managers set vision; mission and objective for any organization and leaders communicate the vision, mission, and objectives with the employees (Bisen and Srivastava, 2009). The main function of the leaders is to communicate the organizational visions and objectives with the employees. The role and characteristics of leaders and managers are different and they are given as follows:

Difference Between Leader and Manager

Leaders Managers
Leaders will focus on objectives that are developed by managers. Managers will develop business objectives for the organization.
A leader interacts with the employees. A manager interacts

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Factors Affecting Operation Management

There are some factors affecting the operation management and decision making of managers and leaders of Marks and Spencer Ltd. which are discussed as follow:

7 Factors Affecting Operation Management

Global Competition

Global competition is an important factor that is affecting the operation management and decision making of the Marks and Spencer Ltd. As a multinational retailer, they have so many varieties of clothing options offered for their respective customers but other competitions worldwide affecting the customer base of the organization (BARRACLOUGH, 2016). Without the online shop, they need to focus on the Asian market to grab more customers and attract them to compete globally.

Material and Capital Security

Raw materials and capital are the most crucial ingredients of operation

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