Digital Feminist Movement

Digital Feminist Movement

1.0 Introduction

Digital Feminist Movement activism is another emphasis of women’s activist activism, offering new devices and strategies for women’s activists to use to spread mindfulness, disperse data, and prepare constituents. Like women’s activist activism everywhere, it is situated in a bigger study of basic disparities and issues and may have a lot to offer the general development. Digital feminists have occupied with activism through an assortment of advanced media.

Women’s rights are described as “the control supporting social, political, and each and every other directly of women identical to those of men”. Ladies’ activists go over an arrangement of sexual introductions, races, ethnic establishments, and religions. Reliably, ladies’ activists have used a wide variety of media to spread their messages. This media fuses anyway isn’t confined to every day paper, composing, radio conveys, TV, internet systems administration, and web. Without media to flow their considerations, lady’s rights improvements would not have been possible and could have surrendered to potential adversities.

Society extra minutes has experienced a few changes; structures have been tested, broken, and remade. Verifiably, structures in a general public have implied how a general public weaves itself together however social jobs, government, economy and so forth. Yet, what happens when mayhem, non-the present state of affairs components, enters a general public? How do structures change or develop? Or then again do they basically disintegrate under the weights of confused occasions? Tumult to a general public can be effectively recognized as the presentation of new thoughts that challenge the current structure of a general public thusly cultivating the formation of overly turbulent occasions, for example, insurgency and war. Be that as it may, neither one of the events should be a real unmistakable event. As we exist in this new advanced age, we wind up experiencing a psychological and societal upheaval that is basically sex related and carefully determined. Through online networking, fundamentally Twitter, we wind up turning into our own impetus for a progressive change that tries to kill or develop the current gendered standards of presence for the two people. “Bedlam” is entering and redesigning our current societal sex structures as #hashtagactivism and #hashtagfeminsim that is trying to uncover our defective and outdated misanthrope impression of ladies and change them. Specifically, one explicit twitter battle, #YesAllWomen, is driving the making of an establishment for a social upset that is soon to change our current societal structures explicitly based around sex. Nonetheless, as common as #hashtagfeminsim and its most grounded crusade may be, one must scrutinize their capacity of continuing a social development that could in the end alter society and its view of ladies. This paper will look to inspect the rejuvenation of women’s liberation inside an advanced age and how online life has not just turned into a stage for dissent and social change yet in addition a protected space for nothing and open discourse in which ladies’ torment and stories are recognized and acknowledged as credible cases of discontent, where words are turned into an amazing type of office. Be that as it may, all the more imperatively this examination will look to decide if a hashtag insurgency specifically the #YesAllWomen hashtag is really fit for changing the manner in which we see ladies inside our current man centric culture by furnishing them with long haul and maintainable office. (Tait Brimacombe, 2017)

The viability of digital activism is frequently hard to quantify because of the fleeting, impalpable nature of on the web and versatile spaces; in any case, I will develop a definition that will enable me to all the more completely evaluate the possible impact of digital feminism.

2.0 Digital Feminist Movement & Projects

Digital feminists make and actualize an assortment of women’s activist as well as social equity advanced battles, likewise alluded to as “e-developments”. These are like disconnected feminist campaigns in that they regularly have an educational or cognizance raising reason, yet these tasks to a great extent flow by means of computerized spaces; since an open does not exist without course. Online & offline discussions regularly conflate in the production of computerized women’s activist crusades, making the beginning point hard to interpret. However, each undertaking depends vigorously on and is frequently developed around the perceive ability of advanced spaces; some women’s activist battles start inside a classroom or women’s activist gathering and scatter on the web, while others start with a post on a computerized stage and extend exponentially to fuse offline arranging. Along these lines, it is critical to consider the manners by which computerized spaces affect online & offline strategizing and take into account more noteworthy scattering.

The stages utilized in digital campaigns and ventures change generally, yet frequently use purportedly unbiased stages, for example, Facebook or Tumblr for spreading data so as to boost the deceivability of their writings. Person to person communication locales, for example, Twitter regularly give more noteworthy introduction, both to similarly invested people and the more extensive open. Feminist activists along these lines regularly depend on advanced circles to communicate their occasions or spread pertinent data about battles. Besides, “data and specialized apparatuses can be utilized to grow new techniques for dispersed grassroots basic leadership. By empowering practices of get together, elective online publics can sort out as though their constituents are accumulated in virtual open spaces”, especially if activists are preparing constituents for disconnected occasions. (Clark, 2015)

2.1 # Hashtag feminism and Digital Protest

The present feminism is limitlessly not the same as its memorable starting points. It doesn’t address indistinguishable issues from its ancestors; in truth a large number of those issues, ladies’ rights, equity, premature birth, working environment fairness have apparently been settled. We never again think about ladies as an undetectable and quiet persecuted gathering with next to zero open door for advancement. Today ladies are more noticeable than any time in recent memory, politically they have involved almost every political office and they are effectively sought for authority and the executive’s positions, scarcely anybody would think about ladies substandard. In this manner for some, women’s liberation is viewed as dead or a spooky “phantom” that is frequenting the 21st century. As (Kaitlynn Mendes, 2018) states in The Future of Feminism, “feminism is not dead”, Or maybe it has transformed into something however contorted and unrecognizable is a more dominant frame than previously. Pleasingly, the women’s liberation of today is twisted and unrecognizable because of the way that it has developed to address the issues and needs of ladies today.

Women’s’ issues are a long way from being settled; in certainty it gives the idea that ladies today are as mistreated as ever. As The Everyday Sexism Project calls attention to, there is a concealed pestilence of misanthrope misuse that ladies confront ordinary. In tending to this cutting edge persecution, ladies have swung to internet based life, making a space in which to share their agony and their accounts as well as to battle back. Hashtag woman’s rights has risen as an advanced form of dissenting where ladies are utilizing the instruments of internet based life, making an online activation of female and male reactions to chauvinist acts that attempts to destroy the previous misanthrope and man centric driven structure that exists inside our general public. This sign of women’s activists’ capacity to use the web to make generally unrepresented voices and perspectives heard, has prompted a flood of prominent women’s activist crusades that longing to as a matter of first importance encourage a dialog about sexism and its changed structures. These women’s activist crusades, for example, #YesAllWomen are discussions where ladies are vocalizing and making others all-inclusive mindful of their discontent just as indicating out changes that require be made to our societal structure. Like past women’s activist dissent, a large number of these battles are not natural reactions. They are birthed in light of occasions that feature profound situated misogyny inside our general public. For example, #YesAllWomen was made because of the shooter’s proclamation following the Isla Vista Shooting episode. Following the 2014 occurrence and the noteworthy of the inspiration of the shooter, a longing to rebuff ladies for dismissing him, that Saturday a young lady chose to tart tweeting utilizing the hashtag #YesAllWomen to depict the dread and potential threats that ladies confront while additionally explicitly studying a stock male reaction, “not all men” when ladies referenced their abuse.

2.2 Digital security as a feminist response

The provocation of ladies online has increased expanding consideration as of late, particularly with more prominent regard for the #MeToo development, initially began in 2006 to help overcomers of sexual viciousness. A comprehensive talk around women’s activist self-preservation and self and aggregate consideration does not recognize on the web/disconnected activism, since ladies, transgender, and sexual orientation non-accommodating people encounter large amounts of savagery both, all things considered, and in advanced spaces. For instance, an ongoing report by Amnesty International investigates how ladies regularly persevere through comparative human rights maltreatment via web-based networking media stages like Twitter to what they encounter disconnected. Likewise, an investigation of occurrences of innovation related viciousness against ladies provided details regarding the “Reclaim the Tech!”

This pandemic of online sex based savagery must be considered into any reaction to computerized security. Being aware of intensity relations is basic, especially around innovation, a territory in which ladies—specifically, dark ladies, LGBTQI people, and indigenous ladies—have been truly barred and their commitments made undetectable. Regarding and tuning in to the encounters of individuals with various personalities and areas is an open door for learning and understanding distinctive encounters. Making safe spaces of trade—where physical, political and individual security needs are considered—and encouraging neighborhood limit and social systems of help fabricate an aggregate information and proprietorship. This methodology counters a typical hierarchical technique of acquiring mentors from outside of neighborhood settings for short intercessions, which does not guarantee maintainability or construct confided in systems for activists. (Radloff, 2018)

3.0 Social media is changing the Digital Feminist Movement

Social media democratized women’s activist activism, opening up investment to anybody with a Twitter account and a craving to battle the male centric society. By expelling the boundaries of separation and geology, destinations like Twitter, Facebook, Tumblr, and as of Instagram have made activism less demanding than any time in recent memory, encouraging open discoursed and making a stage for mindfulness and change.

“Hashtag activism” is a term that has been greatly censured, yet it has been compelling at influencing government officials and organizations to change. Presently, numerous establishments industriously screen internet based life discussions about themselves. Furthermore, most consider it important when the online life prattle about their association turns negative, regarding it as an all-out PR emergency. Lately, a few potential 2016 presidential hopefuls have taken in this the most difficult way possible.

Cynics have since quite a while ago contended that web based life doesn’t make any genuine change and has just overflowed the world with insufficient hashtags. Also, there is some reality to that. While web based life crusades have been successful at bringing issues to light around the issues they’re handling, not every one of them have constrained genuine activity. For all the mindfulness that #BringBackOurGirls made, the hashtag did not persuade to discharge the 200 students who were abducted – very nearly a year later, the young ladies are as yet absent.

There is as yet far to go, and internet based life activism alone won’t take care of the world’s issues. Be that as it may, it can possibly be a ground-breaking power for ladies endeavoring to battle back against sexism. Online life activism will most likely never completely supplant customary activism – it won’t supplant the intensity of tranquil challenges, exhibits and encourages – yet what web based life can do is give a voice to the individuals who are generally voiceless. It hoists the voice of one individual with a Twitter record to a national story, regardless of where that individual is found, what gather they are subsidiary with or what assets they have. (Chittal, 2015)

However, feminist social media activism doesn’t simply bring issues to light – it has produced unmistakable outcomes, as well. Associations have changed course because of internet based life kickback made by ordinary individuals equipped with tweet ammunition.

3.1 Sustainable Capabilities where Social media is changing the feminist movement

While social media stages were planned as an approach to interface individuals on the web, activists utilized them as innovative instruments of freedom, concocting imaginative hacks to oppose state control, associate with similarly invested individuals, prepare the majority, impact popular sentiment, push for social change and light transformations. With these open doors came dangers: The more posted and drew in, the more defenseless progressed toward becoming, as our totaled information was weaponized against us. After some time, such information can be utilized to construct an exact picture of clients’ inclinations, preferences and practices, as well as of their convictions, political perspectives and close to home subtleties; things that even their family and companions may not think about them.

With this new renewed type of woman’s rights and its most conspicuous crusade, #YesAllWomen, one must think about whether this can be continued long haul and whether it can prompt genuine change. This inquiry of supportability and ability enters the present women’s activist discussion at an alternate angle. It appears that women’s activists and ladies when all is said in done see the fate of hashtag feminsim and to a bigger degree online women’s liberation as a development that is self-maintainable as it is a development that does not order itself all things considered. This non development is to a greater degree a stage for consistent dialog that looks to edify and make the world mindful of the dangerous and misanthrope condition that they have made that harms ladies as well as men. As Shelby Knox state, “online woman’s rights is helping us to make more associations with the world more globally “which arranges online woman’s rights less as something that should be continually observed and refreshed for supportability and even more a device that will dependably be being used. By and by, online woman’s rights hope to in the long run go disconnected and start to work both, on the web and disconnected, couple with one another. This will be done with expectations of encouraging a more extensive network that can utilize all devices available to its to destroy current misanthrope situation. (Killi, 2017)

In any case, despite everything one marvels can online make the progress to disconnected and if that is a real ability of hashtag feminism. Just the future can tell as this type of activism is moderately new and has yet achieved the point where one can make an appropriate judgment. One can dare to dream that it will, since this development is a need for continued mindfulness all things considered in mindfulness and acknowledgment that genuine change can happen.

4.0 Combine Media Control and Public Opinion whether the Feminist Movement has become excessively demon:

The media – TV, the press and on the web – assume a focal job in conveying to general society what occurs on the planet. In those cases, in which groups of onlookers don’t have coordinate information or experience of what’s going on, they turn out to be especially dependent upon the media to educate them. This isn’t to imply that that the media basically reveal to us what to think – individuals don’t retain media messages uncritically (Salo, 2002). In any case, they are critical to the setting of plans and concentrating open enthusiasm on specific subjects, which works to restrict the scope of contentions and points of view that advise open discussion.

4.1 Mass Media Control as a Feminist Resource

Despite the fact that most writers plan to make a target perspective of their subjects, women’s liberation has for quite some time been depicted in a negative light. Women’s liberation’s depiction is powered by the possibility that the media appears to lean toward resistance; sticking ladies again men makes the for the most part negative jobs ladies. An investigation by (Salo, 2002) uncovered that feminists rarely show up in the media and are regularly derided. They are frequently depicted as unique in relation to “ordinary” ladies, and are not related with everyday exercises, yet rather, open exercises and occasions. Women’s activists are likewise not regularly depicted as unfortunate casualties and are all the more much of the time related with the ladies’ development and their objectives contrasted with standard ladies (which means if a lady is certifiably not a marked “women’s activist” she isn’t frequently connected with the development, regardless of being female). (Al-Sharif, 2018) stated, “women’s activists are continually surrounded as freak explicitly, a pack of man-haters out to demolish ‘family esteems.'” In the media, the expression “women’s liberation” is regularly restricted to the expression “family,” prompting that women’s activists can’t be family ladies. This negative depiction throughout the decades has driven numerous young ladies dismissing the possibility of woman’s rights, to some degree because of women’s activists being marked as “man bashers.” Other names related with woman’s rights include: “bubblehead,” “Amazons,” “angriest,” “radical,” and “shaggy,” (Barrera, 2017). Most media chiefs are male, despite the fact that ladies are starting to enter the field of news-casting. The contemporary ladies’ development has transcendently honey bee disregarded through predominant press, leaving space for a couple of prominent special cases. The Miss America Pageant of 1968 was one of the primary prominent cases to be plugged. Despite the fact that to the women’s activist development’s frighten, the inclusion was both mutilated and sensationalized. Amid the event of the occasion, the expression “bra-burner” mark for ladies uncovered itself. The act of naming women’s activists with injurious terms has been a technique to quiet its supporters and advance dread of standing up.

4.2 Twitter as a Feminist Resource

To the part of examines #YesAllWomen, one of the biggest, most obvious, women’s activist Twitter occasions of ongoing years. In spite of the fact that hashtags and different types of computerized activism are not constantly considered important as legislative issues, in this undertaking we research #YesAllWomen and its distribution through media and open sites, as a vital occasion of contemporary women’s activist digressive activism. In particular, we contend that the hashtag worked, first, as a site of aggregate personality for members, and we depict a portion of the manners by which this character building was accomplished, and second, we contend that through its connects to and distribution by different stages and media, #YesAllWomen additionally worked as an open dissent or plan building occasion with effect on open talk past Twitter. Our undertaking draws on substance and talk investigation techniques to dissect the #YesAllWomen hashtag and to follow its connection with different talks, for example, news and online journals, including a computerized substance examination of just about two million tweets and an investigation of an example of 251 media and blog stories. To take note of that contemporary women’s activists are utilizing digitalmedia, for this situation a Twitter hashtag, to accomplish a considerable lot of the equivalent verbose objectives of learning building and investigate that have recently been accomplished utilizing different interchanges systems, for example, awareness raising gatherings, distributing groups, media procedures, and destroys. (Barker, 2017)

4.3 Mass Media along with public opinion and Women

Building populist social orders is one of the needs of current majority rule states. Broad communications play a one of a kind and critical job in the molding of a general public where people appreciate measure up to rights. Raising ladies’ lawful mindfulness is critical for the production of a libertarian culture. This is come to through a few methods, including mental, social, financial, philosophical, familiarity with human rights, political, etc. The job of media is imperative for being fruitful in all the referenced circles. The media can advance and accelerate the changes in advancement, or, despite what might be expected, it can hamper their execution.

Various universal meetings and traditions have voiced and advertised the need to break open generalizations through change in the media strategy. Broad communications, be that as it may, keep on imitating unfair generalizations about ladies and depict them in misogynist ways. Generally speaking, ladies are depicted in a tight scope of characters in broad communications. If we somehow managed to isolate broad communications into two classifications, for example, anecdotal and news-detailing, at that point in the previous, ladies are regularly connected with the family unit or sex-objects, and in the last class, they need jobs. (Davtyan-Gevorgyan, 2016)

Just in a set number of news programs do ladies show up as principle on-screen characters or specialists. One reason for this circumstance is the more modest number of ladies in these circles, however even the current number of ladies are underrepresented contrasted with their male partners.

In publicizing and magazines, ladies are typically depicted as youthful, thin and with excellence that meets the acknowledged principles. Ladies with this sort of appearance are regularly connected with sex objects.

For what reason do social researchers ascribe significance to investigation of pictures and generalizations of ladies in media? Gentility, just as manliness, are not organic, yet rather, social develops. Portrayals and appearances of womanliness contrast crosswise over societies, time and social orders. Womanliness is socially and socially developed by the family, training, the general population, and to a bigger degree, the media. In this regard, the long haul change in ladies’ pictures in media could help change the observations and generalizations ladies look in a general public.

In the underlying phase of its history, media were overseen solely by men. The media pictures of people were custom fitted to men’s inclinations. At the end of the day, men were making media pictures of people they wished to find actually. (BBC, 2018)

The picture of ladies and the voicing of ladies’ worry experienced a progressive change because of present day innovation and development of new kinds of media. Today, we all, truth be told, are a piece of the media as customers, as well as makers. Furthermore, anybody, lady or man, can cover their issues and story without anyone else’s input, make it open, and transform it into media for utilization. These new conceivable outcomes, nonetheless, likewise achieve new difficulties. In this manner, the nature of data scattered in online life and the remarks on these snippets of data are considerably more misogynist and man centric. Change in this circle can be accomplished just through backhanded effect.

5.0 The Power & Challenges of Digital Technologies for Feminist Movement Building

Having assembled around hashtags and web based life battles like #BringBackOurGirls and #AfriFem, numerous women’s activist coordinators of the worldwide south – and internationally – have come to know and sustain each other in the new ways that the online domain gives. In any case, while this gives progressive capacity to the aggregate reason for social equity, there are as yet numerous auxiliary and socio-political issues to consider inside our online development building. In the prologue to the ‘ICTs for Feminist Movement Building Activist Toolkit’ delivered by JASS, APC and Women’s Net, women’s activist correspondence systems that utilization ICTs are disclosed as being basic to building developments that are compelling, flexible, noticeable and safe” (Al-Sharif, 2018)

Digital Feminist Movement

5.1 Effectiveness

Right off the bat, to be powerful, developments making the utilization of advanced innovations must be viable. At the end of the day, they should meet women’s activists at their purpose of need, and have the capacity to offer something of significance to their situations and causes.

The thought is to give these young ladies a space to convey what needs be, meeting what is ordinarily alluded to as vital needs; needs established in rights and articulation. And yet, their viable needs are something that we are put resources into. As it were, the truth of their need to pay for access to the web combined with a basic investigation of their relative social standing (formal work rates in Zimbabwe are frequently cited as being simply over 10%, while in the meantime, young ladies remain practically imperceptible as makers of information in the prevailing press) implies that we welcome that support for some, young ladies involve genuine money related obstacles.

This is the reason we offer our authors, alongside intelligent women’s activist article bolster, an unobtrusive installment for substance that we distribute. What’s more, after some time, we’ve seen direct how such help has empowered young ladies to put further into developing their online nearness (either through paying towards their information expenses or obtaining hardware like PCs or cell phones).

So as to be viable, our online women’s activist development building must be comprehensive, with incorporation involving a steady investigation of who approaches, and thusly who is tuned in to. There is surely more need to fabricate ladies’ computerized education limit and certainty, and address their down to earth worries, so as to make our developments progressively hearty, and in this way successful. (Machirori, 2016)

5.2 Resilience & visibility

Furthermore, the way digital technologies make the digital feminist movements stronger.

To consider here flexibility like recuperation from a horrible cold; the kind of astute disorder that makes them trust that you will never be well again. But then in some way or another, after some time, the medication you take and oneself consideration you put resources into remakes your body’s protection frameworks with the goal that it can recuperate itself. In what manner can advanced advances go about as mending for the agony and injury that accompanies our work of sorting out? How might they imbue our development’s insusceptibility with the antigens that revive our battles?

There are numerous ways as follows:

  • One is that in the midst of extraordinary prohibition or peril of disconnected arranging, online spaces permit us a virtual gathering point to vent, cry, celebrate, and re-invigorate. New solidarities are framed and old ones are fortified. An ongoing a valid example is the homicide of Honduran natural lobbyist, Berta Caceres (with the Twitter hashtag #BertaCaceres still being used over a month since her death) whose battle for indigenous land rights has provoked imperative discussions around state and corporate power, and ladies’ bodies as destinations of its ruthless propagation.
  • Intermittently, versatility is worked by realizing that we are not the only one in the battle and through the affirmation of those whose penances are once in a while beyond what we can even comprehend. It is such intersectionality’s that make ourselves – and our developments – more grounded, renewing us on our long battle.
  • Making our developments progressively noticeable is presumably an increasingly clear capacity of computerized advancements.
  • Women’s activist issues turn out to be less limited, not so much geo-located, but rather more worldwide and assorted, as individuals can draw in and partake in a more decentralized way than physical collaboration permits and restrains. Through our aggregate utilization of video, sound and content through stages as different as YouTube, Facebook and Whatsapp we are making crafted by our developments all the more promptly achievable, increasingly accessible, and progressively open. (Tait Brimacombe, 2017)

5.3 Safety

The last issue to consider is the means by which advanced advances can make our developments more secure.

Without needing any proof, this sounds opposing. For we know, from reports like that as of late discharged by the United Nations Broadband Commission – titled ‘Digital Violence Against Women and Girls’ – that practically 75% of ladies have continued digital viciousness, and that ladies are multiple times almost certain than men to be bugged on the web. We additionally realize that in a few settings, and because of socialization into dug in intangibility or as a component of more extensive political restriction, women’s activists can just utilize shut systems of correspondence (eg. SMS or private visit, with encryption here and there) with individuals they know and trust as open channels expose them to alienation and viciousness.

To make our developments more secure, we need to temper our craving for perceive ability with that of ladies’ commonsense needs. This implies having open spaces, where this bodes well, and private spaces where women’s activists may feel more secure to all the more completely express certain issues.

It additionally implies supporting secrecy and accepted characters, particularly in conditions where certain personalities (LGTBQI or potentially incapacities) and encounters (assault or potentially fetus removal) are either socially defamed or underestimated. What’s more, it additionally implies putting time and thought into making our open spaces more secure and having methodologies for managing all the more adequately and coordinately with trolls and different culprits of digital viciousness.

The Feminist Principles of the Internet take note of that observation, by its very nature, is an instrument of man centric control and confinement and that our entitlement to security is basic for an increasingly open Internet. In that capacity, some portion of our work in making our developments more secure is to connect with at the more key arrangement level with state on-screen characters, common society and computerized innovation partnerships to declare our rights to sheltered and women’s activist spaces.

There is a peril to our arranging on the off chance that we don’t likewise turn out to be increasingly intelligent of every one of these inquiries and some more. There is additionally a peril in the event that we don’t think about more continually control, for we should stay condemning of it, both inside and remotely. Who possesses the spaces we guarantee? Furthermore, which of us gets the opportunity to talk inside them and It is just through ceaseless thoughtfulness and recovery that we can genuinely assemble a compelling, flexible and more secure ‘us’ online that is both responsive and dependable.

6.0 Conclusions

Regardless of feminists’ quickly expanding utilization of digital media and gadgets, there is a shortage of research thinking about the effect and adequacy of this new type of activism. As explained over, a few creators have set that computerized feminism might found another influx of feminist activism, yet these positions are not figured through any definite investigation or examination. To start to fill this hole, in this paper of Digital Feminist Movement I inspected the purpose, value, and potential impact of digital feminist activism in global world. With this examination, I tried to reveal conceivable outcomes for future digital feminist activism to advance successful social change.

References – Digital Feminist Movement

Al-Sharif, M., 2018. Digital Feminist Movement: The Dangers of Digital Activism. [Online]

Barker, B., 2017. Twitter as a Feminist Resource: #YesAllWomen, Digital Platforms, and Discursive Social Change. Media and Communications, Volume 14, pp. 91-118.

Barrera, L., 2017. Digital Feminist Movement: Impact for what and for whom? Digital technologies and feminist movement building. [Online]

BBC, 2018. Digital Feminist Movement: Has #MeToo divided women?. [Online]

Catherine Happer, G. P., 2013. The Role of the Media in the Construction of Public Belief and Social Change. Journal of Social and Political Psychology,, 1(1), pp. 96-104.

Chittal, N., 2015. Digital Feminist Movement: How social media is changing the feminist movement. [Online]

Clark, C., 2015. #TrendingFeminism: The Impact of Digital Feminist Activism. ProQuest Journal, pp. 01-99.

Davtyan-Gevorgyan, A., 2016. Women and Mass Media. [Online]

Kaitlynn Mendes, J. R. a. J. K., 2018. Digital Feminist Movement: Girls and Women Fight Back Against Rape Culture. Journal of Oxford Studies in Digital Politics, pp. 01-224.

Killi, P., 2017. Digital Feminist Movement: How Hashtag Feminism is Revitalizing the Feminist Movement Using Social Media. Media and Communication, pp. 01-12.

Machirori, F., 2016. The Power and Challenges of Digital Technologies for Digital Feminist Movement Building. [Online]

Radloff, J., 2018. Embedding digital security in Digital Feminist Movement building. [Online]

Salo, R. A. L. C., 2002. The Framing of Feminists and Feminism in News and Public Affairs Programs in U.S. Electronic Media. Journal of Communication, 52(1), pp. 211-228.

Tait Brimacombe, R. K. G. F. J. T. J. T., 2017. Digital Feminist Movement #Feminism: digital technologies and feminist activism in Fiji. [Online]

Written by

Md. Shadequr Rahaman

Email: [email protected]

Digital Feminist Movement

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